The general-purpose computers are varying widely in … Classification of Computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of Computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Classification of Computers Computers can be classified according to their functionality and size. The types of computers according to their functionality are analog computer, digital computer and hybrid computer. It uses multiple number of CPU. Mini computer is larger and more powerful computer than personal computer. Computer Science HSEB Notes on Classification of Computer on the Basis of Size Class : 11 The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. /StructParents 0 Computer Organization Pdf Free Download. 10 Types of Computers find this file in PDF format on our class CMPE12 1) History of Computers. Classification of computers in relation to size divides computers into four main categories: mainframe computers, minicomputers, micro-computers and supercomputers. %PDF-1.4 Its principal characteristics are: § It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. /Contents 4 0 R • supercomputer : An extremely fast computer that can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second. Introduction to Computers . �\T�5��/��zrWM5��&J/GIt*�3[���7�I!��t->[4��� ��L�~���������lO!�P;����cgTM�Q�2���@�N��V c��x>t!�{_�+A'����){M. Exercise 1. Analog Computers Analog computers are used to process continuous data. XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. A PC can be defined as a small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user. <> XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. %PDF-1.7 %���� The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. computers are also called PDAs, palmtops and pocket computers. We will keep adding updated notes, past papers, guess papers and other materials with time. endobj Super computers : The super computers are the most high performing system. On the basis of size. ��\�C�t���q���o[$W�֨��9���#�� R��iab�˥��`���h�͐F�pZtbn.�*L�*f݌�Ȣ��o�O���{R�|�n� These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. 2. <> �G�쀾VP�4���gy[Ӣ���L��E�s����pТ���{ǐ��%EHUxi�|������z�Gӆsv���G��Īl�c��_�2��N�F*8���,�W�9h@G7[0��H-�@L��+Z�%�{�i�a���Jt�Z �h�-�-���tvG�f�L��M"C6!&Z��n�Lr��� Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . It can execute five million instructions per second. In addition to the microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering i) Multiuser OS:In a multiuser OS, more than one user can use the same system at a same time through the multi I/O terminal or through the network.ii) Multiprocessing OS:A multiprocessing OS can support the execution of multiple processes at the same time. >> Classification of Computers Computers types I, Computer: Definition A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. Classification of computers by type 1. 2. 2 0 obj Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. Classification on the basis of size. Classification of Computer 1. MCQs In terms of power, nowadays high-end models of the Macintosh and PC offer the same computing power and graphics capability as low-end workstations by Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, and Dell. �\�%��k>�)����p&�m%_g���;�UU�7[�G���}�֊��&�6���D�I:P Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. 1 0 obj It is capable of doing word processing, spreadsheets and hand writing recognition, GAME playing, faxing and paging. Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. These computers are not as powerful as desktop computers. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. Super computers are the largest and most powerful; microcomputers are the smallest. The History of Computers The history of computers is interesting perform many types of calculations Computer, Its Classification Generation of Computer vary in their sizes and types. Mini-computer. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Although personal computers are designed as single-user systems, these systems are normally linked together to form a network. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] Computers are classified into various types based on historical development (computer generation), purpose, technology used, and size & storage capacity. Content List Chapter No. They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. On the basis of data handling. Classification Of Computers • • • • Micro-computers Minicomputers Mainframe computer Supercomputers Micro-c Thus any computer which solve problem by translating physical conditions such as flow, temperature, pressure, angular position or voltage into related The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. Digital computer –Digital computer is the most commonly used type of computer and is used to process information with quantities using digits, usually using the binary number system.Ex – MacBook. The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. Hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting feature of a digital computer. Classification of Computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of Computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. Compared to full-size computers, palmtops are severely limited, but they are practical for certain functions such as phone books and calendars. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. Tyrocity.com envisions the education system of the country to be redefined through active engagement, discussions, required assistance and by bringing the right information to your fingertips. <> They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. 4 0 obj Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is considerable overlap: § Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. 5 0 obj § Workstation: A powerful, single-user computer. Classification of Computers - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. /ExtGState <> Classification of Computers Types of Computers 1. कार्यप्रणाली के आधार पर इन्हें तीन भागो Analog, Digital, and Hybrid में वर्गीकृत किया गया हैं| Analog Computer वे Computer होते है जो भौतिक मात्राओ, जैसे- दाब (Pressure), तापमान (Tempressure), लम्बाई (Length), ऊचाई (Height) आदि को मापकर उनके परिमाप अंको में व्यक्त करते है ये Computer किसी राशि का परिमाप तुलना के आधार पर करते है जैसे- थर्मामीटर | Analog Computer मुख्य रूप से विज्ञान और इंजीनियरिंग … Basics of Computers - Classification - Historically computers were classified according to processor types because development in processor and processing speeds were the … BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS: Computer Organization pdf Notes. �I��8}��R�K������v����z�mdcFU�&��b9��}�p�a���xm� ��/[a��r���'�x���3 d��huD���h����WN�$��? The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. Monday, November 21, 2016 Classification of Computers by Type 2. Exascale Supercomputer. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. Make sure to comment down your experience regarding our website. ��L>>ɱUJV��QX9U���ss�*N���B��?m�y�@s^"���V��w@6���T{��j��R��� ����Pd8KG�\��x+���ʟ�I���-��KI! •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. We can classify computers on the basis of size as below: Super computer. ]W�y�[�����#�7b�t�B�&(hocw�ߛq�S�s[L^���Q6;�H!��q�5��:괲~$���9�� ��F�c�U9Z�Ǧ�q��]��14u�s����҅��bF�? They can be held in hands. The computers are broadly classified into four categories based on their size and type : (1) Microcomputers, (2) Minicomputers, (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. WhatistheClassificationof Computer Computer are available in different shapes and weights, due to these different shapes and sizes they perform different sorts of jobs form one another. Exascale Supercomputer. COMPUTER PROGRAMMING,Generation and Classification of Computers- Basic Organization of a Ccmputer -Number System -Binary – Decimal – Conversion – Problems. At home, the most popular use for personal computers is playing games and surfing the Internet. ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. They are more costly than laptop. These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). Classification of Computer: Types of Computers. Classification Of Computers •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers . ͿR��71��6�� D�۱w��?�od�M_�R~��e\A8ˣ�O�a���fbdI�b�O�܏,�)����� /Group <> Laptop and Smartphone Computers LAPTOP: A laptop is a battery or AC-powered personal computer that can be easily It generally consists of two or more processors. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. PCs are based on the microprocessor technology that enables manufacturers to put an entire CPU on one chip. ^ ��d���y��-_A�e\TUWC�A��p���f��F���y����@ �ރm-j,��m�{_x.�vR��`���L|Vf��_E���0@z� <> Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. The set of instructions is called Program and can be written using artificial languages like Basic, FORTRAN, C, C++, Java etc. Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. �����\��sS���ظ�5Ep.łF�S=JIh6a^7��&ۣ�nv>dM5���������*� �;�{�3�Siɓc����X�����SWx�Mv5��=���^w������a\�Hj�0��m�C��J�H�w�����4`r��pb�^.G��ue�����i=��3Fx��T鉆���B*�!�Q���TMW��� %�����s:��r�Vdb���� �H�NR���$�]R���4��X}�� The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. Analog computers represent variables by physical quantities. Class 11 Computer Notes are free and will always remain free. These Notes Key Book, Guide & Handouts with solved exercises are as per latest syllabus. In this article, we classified computers into four, namely: by generation, by size, by type, and by degree of versatility. A computer can be as big as an entire room or as small as a microcontroller found in mobiles and embedded systems. Generation of Computer: Every stage of technological advancement in computer development is referred to as a ‘Generation of Computer’. It has smaller ���7׉�/Ä��0N\�B�\��g3��.��r��S�����f^"�]�g5�w(�:�P4E/�B��6���2���@���]�����.��������,�M�a���� 9=�qle��= a� ?�k28��Fw'� •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. Notebook: - These computers are as powerful as desktop but size of these computers are comparatively smaller than laptop and desktop. Fixed Point Representation. Classification Of Computers. Picture for a note on classification of computers (Mini computers) Computers are classify according to: Purpose Type of Data Handled Capacity 3. ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. and peopleware. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us . Download CS8491 Computer Architecture Lecture Notes, Books, Syllabus, Part-A 2 marks with answers and CS8491 Computer Architecture Important Part-B 16 marks Questions, PDF Book, Question Bank with answers Key. The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. /ViewerPreferences 201 0 R The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. Learning Outcomes At t he end of the lesson, I should be able to: (1) Identify computers classified by type (2) State the characteristics of computers by types (3) State examples of computers by types § It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). !�EЋsD� !��. computers are small in size. >> Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. • mainframe : A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously. Computer Fundamental Notes in Hindi PDF Download; Tally ERP 9 Learning Book in Hindi PDF Free Download; All Degree Full Form List – सभी Education Words की List; Classification of Computers on the Basis of Size and Capabilities. endobj Briefly describe classification of computers. �qR�t�H�ҵT�1��� �t��w��. /Outlines 203 0 R �[�t�����=�C}��8�H!MJ@�"���VI��I������DS����ZB8�tN�"��~_*�@�Q~ZK�>߸�K�i��P�u��\����G+'���� ��f����n�-V�«ͺj7��K�8!9�կl �����+�8�j�2�*:�~��aX�83Z��6}�V���������o5��JN�m��(��g͜a�+1��_��~��c�v��x���K ���M������3� "�x�8�RRu��k2���=Y!�iC�­~����e�1�Wg��gK���'���3g7>���ثa�4���3;BK����L8��NQT�#�2����rt��Ӥ|(4�-Pc��=lAB�;�� p*�}���\m���\Q~�2��^��/vB�9�; Different-sized computers offer different services. Classification by Capacity Computers can be classified according to their capacity. Hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting feature of a digital computer. Download link is provided below to Introduction to Computers . II. Micro-computer •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. We will also introduce a mobile app for viewing all the notes on mobile. ]}�����ŋ�%�R�V��ar�鴂�>bش��K�2ǪH�m�k}�B��Q�¢�]����[N5��S���Lj�@?�&�x�a���ת��ˬG�c��{�����)�� r�K{��HZ'������=���0�e��N=�3M���PaFk��E�+�">�p��.og�k�C�U4��w���`q��a�^��ANt�ғգ^��,|2{)p���i���~Pt V"�41y8� N�W-�6w���&((��Ъ�%��v���`O��3�'w8����n(*AJ :��m+��A��F���h`�E�e�rjK��ː;����J^��B�Z��ރ�?��)i�^���A_��Z��X.K�9�[� The computer systems can be classified on the following basis: 1. affects the performance of a program for different tasks. The following figure illustrates the classification of computers based on different criteria. Need for logical analysis and thinking – Algorithm – Pseudo code – Flow Chart. Classification Of Computers. /Tabs /S While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that Computers classification*** Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is Considerable overlap: • Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. They weigh 2 to 3 kg. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. § It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of data. �� According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. Mini Computers Mini computers were introduced in the 1960s. This article looked at the basic computer components and classification of computers. >> The weight of laptop is around 3 to 5 kg. Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . Note that the 19th century contributions of automating ... into the first three generations of computers. Classification of Computers size Technology Purpose Computer Mainframe Computer Mini Computer Micro Computer Digital Analog Hybrid General Purpose Special Purpose Desktop Laptop ... notes, organizing telephone numbers and ad-dresses. The classification of generations has been done based on technology, speed, storage, reliability and cost. stream Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS E�`p Computer Science Notes for 1st Year for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad & Punjab Boards. Exercise 1. Wearable computer: - The size of this computer is very small so that it can be worn on the body. %�쏢 We can classify computers on the basis of size as below: Super computer. Although personal computers are designed as sin… Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. Starting from 1940s, computers’ performance, measured in terms of processing speed, storage capacity, accuracy of results, multi … �q���5�s��a��d�5UM��D/k��Rz�,�� ��M�A�����H���>��ڗ�װV~S>�D�4��%�o��|��-|���c�Me�cb��y��G�'*�;��Q�ߠ4�8`IHΪF�T�R�i�h • Most PDAs also offer a variety of other applica-tion software such as word processing, spread- -+�\����孹7%.�B_ They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. 3 0 obj Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS Businesses use personal computers for word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and for running spreadsheet and database management applications. Mini-computer •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. On the basis of functionality. A Complete Key Book in PDF Format for Class 11 (XI) / HSSC / Intermediate. This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. Data types, Complements, Data Representation. /Parent 2 0 R Computer Programming Pdf Notes 1st Year – CP Pdf Notes. <> �ifk�r}��A&�Z���,� Y&0�+U��Y�ouR‘�q�`�o)���X�_{Lw0α�ɥ����w�lEm�s1{�eG�7���­xؒ%+bk The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that Chapter Name 01 Introduction to computers 02 Computer Components 03 Input / Output Devices 04 Storage Devices 05 Number System 06 ... Q#11: Define computer. Micro-computer. XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. Presented by: Aasim mushtaq 2. E-notes on Classification of Digital Computers Definition: A Computer A computer is an electronic device that accepts raw data, processes it according to a set of instructions and required to produce the desired result. affects the performance of a program for different tasks. Laptop: - this computer is similar to a desktop computers but the size is smaller. •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers. The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. The term ‘capacity’ refers to the volume of work or the data processing capability a computer can handle. Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. Home » Fundamental » Computer » Classification. Computer components include hardware, software. Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). /MediaBox [0 0 595.5600 842.0400] Computer Types, Functional units, Basic operational concepts, Bus structures, Software, Performance, multiprocessors and multi computers. endobj The analog computer measures the changes in … PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate They are expensive than desktop. UNIT-I . M.Sc Computer Science Computer Notes Class 9 . MCQs CP Unit-1: Computer Programming Pdf Notes. stream 3. Home » Networking » Communication » Classification of Computer Networks. •Minicomputer is usually designed to serve multiple users simultaneously. They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. Classification based on Size and Capability: On the basis of size and capability, digital computers can be classified as: • Super Computer • Mainframe Computer • Mini Computer • Micro Computer. Palmtop A small computer that literally fits in your palm. Computer Types and Functions Computer Literacy Part 3. There are different classifications of computers. Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. Comment down your experience regarding our website at the basic computer components and classification generations. And most powerful ; microcomputers are the most high performing system their functionality are analog computer and counting feature a. Are from 1975 - 1982 ; microcomputers are the most high performing system small size... Certain functions such as phone books and calendars & ��b9�� } �p�a���xm� ��/ [ a��r���'�x���3 d��huD���h����WN� $?... Generation and classification of computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of computer Presentation Transcript: of! Notes blog hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting of! 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